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Community Organizing

History of CO in the Philippines

 Rural CO Standards

The  Community Organizer



















Community Organizing (CO) in its strictest definition refers to organizing which takes place in a geographically defined living area, such as an urban poor community or a rural village. However, its principles have been widely used for organizing  sectoral groups not necessarily living in a distinct location, like factory workers or students.

CO is a means for empowering people; its primary aim is to transform a situation of societal injustice, inequality and poverty. 

CO is both a process and an orientation,  an orientation for    genuine and genuine  and liberating social  transformation. 

Community Organizing (CO) is a social development approach that aims to transform the apathetic, individualistic and voiceless poor into a dynamic, participatory and politically responsive community. At times, CO is likened to "a form of experiential learning, a radicalized non-formal educational process."

During the 1994 National Rural CO Conference, CO was defined as a collective, participatory, transformative, liberative, sustained and systematic process of building people’s organizations by mobilizing and enhancing the capabilities and resources of the people for the resolution of their issues and concerns towards effecting change in their existing and oppressive exploitative conditions.



 1.  The social condition of the poor itself gives

     opportunities to conscienticise the people.

 2.   Tactics should be within the experience of the

      people and outside the experience of the


 3.  People generally act on the basis of their


 4.  Man learns more effectively and more deeply

     from his own actual experiences.  Hence the

     importance of reflections on his actions, his

     experiences.   Action – reflection form an

     integral part of the CO methodology.

 5. The process of organizing moves from simple,

    concrete, short term and personal issues to

    more complex, abstract, long-term and

    systemic issues.

 6. Man needs to deepen and widen his horizon,

    therefore, he must move from the particular to

    the universal, from the concrete to the abstract,

    to apply one’s experience and its lesson to

    another situation.  Hence, there is a need for

    theories, a need to read, and to meet other

    experiences learned in order to bring about the

    widening and deepening of each man’s

    individual horizon.

 7. Throughout the organizing process, the people

     must make their own decisions.




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